Monthly Archives: August 2014

Urology 101: What Urine Color is Considered Normal?

Believe it or not, our very own urine can be a telltale sign of the possible events our body is currently facing. The color of our urine may change course throughout the day depending on certain factors. More often than not people are fine, but being aware of different colored urine could motivate you to either stay proactive in prevention or provide you with the knowledge to understand what your urine may be saying about you and what color urine is considered normal.

Urine’s Many Different Colors – What’s Normal?

urine colorAll of us know that urine’s typical color is yellow. Do you know where its yellow color comes from? Urine receives its yellow color from chemicals known as urobilins, which are broken down from bilirubin – a bile pigment. We won’t go into details on the entire breakdown process, but the end result of the process is yellow tinted urine.

Most of our urine colors reveal one thing: whether or not our body is hydrated.

No Color – it’s possible to produce a urine color that is actually colorless. This occurs when you are drinking too much water. Water is good, but with anything there are limits. Colorless urine means your body does not currently need any water.

Light or Transparent Yellow – this is the best urine color you can see. It means that you are well hydrated.

Dark Yellow or Orange – this is the color of your body telling you it’s time to start drinking water because you are dehydrated. Orange colored urine could also point to a bile duct or liver complication and – if consistent- should be followed up with a doctor.

Red Urine – if you see the passing of red urine, then you may have a serious problem. Red urine often denotes the passing of blood through the urinary tract, which should be promptly followed up by a professional such as a urologist. However, beets, berries, and rhubarb have a tendency to pass through the urinary tract and produce a reddish, pinkish urine color.

It’s Not Just About Color

Odor can be a factor as well. Here’s a quick example: have you ever noticed a bizarre smell while urinating after consuming asparagus? Asparagus contains amino acids that are broken down into chemicals that give off the funny smell. However, not everyone is able to smell this chemical compound. If you do smell it, then do not be alarmed because it is nothing serious.

Pay attention to the odors, consistency (i.e. foamy or fizzy), and of course the color of your urine in order to be absolutely sure that you are healthy. If you are ever unsure then contact your doctor or urologist. We have our very own board-certified Beverly Hills urologist at Rexford Surgical Institute.

Latest News: France Study Reveals Exercise Reduces Breast Cancer Risk

exercise reduces breast cancer riskA study performed by researchers in France has revealed that consistent, regular exercise (i.e. physical activity) will reduce your risk of developing breast cancer in postmenopausal women. However, the catch is that if you stop exercising, then you will not have a reduced risk. This is why the study emphasizes “regular physical activity”.

The study was performed in Villejuif, France, where 59,000 postmenopausal women were tracked for an average overall time of 8 and a half years. In this time frame, 2,100 of these women were diagnosed with breast cancer. Women who had performed regular exercise – which for many women included about 4 hours of walking or bicycling per week – were 10% less likely to develop the disease.

A Few Facts on Breast Cancer

10% may seem like a small number at first, but after browsing through these stats, you may begin to believe otherwise.

• Breast cancer* is one of the leading causes of cancer in women – it ranks in at #2, behind lung cancer. However, breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in women.

• Roughly 1 in 8 women will develop breast cancer in their lifetime.

• Breast cancer not only affects women, but men too.

• An estimated 220,000 women in the U.S. will be diagnosed with breast cancer each year.

• Aging increases a woman’s risk of developing breast cancer.

Exercise Works Wonders

The results should not be surprising as exercise has long been studied and linked to reductions in not just developing beast cancer but a host of other ailments. Exercise should be included somewhere in your routine and it doesn’t even have to be daily.

The study mentioned that “regular physical activity” meant 4 hours per week. If you break that down into minutes per day spent exercising, you will come up with around 34 minutes per day. That’s right – only 34 minutes. There are plenty of various exercises that can be performed in 34 minutes.

Your Beverly Hills plastic and reconstructive surgeon specializes in a variety of cosmetic breast procedures that restore or enhance the breasts.

*Facts sourced from

Podiatry 101: Difference Between Sprained and Broken Ankles?

difference between sprained and broken ankleHave you ever injured your ankle and couldn’t tell if it was just a sprain or fracture? Well, you aren’t alone. It can be very troubling for many people, especially those who have never experienced an injured ankle. Your Beverly Hills podiatrist chimes in to explain how to tell the difference between a sprained ankle and a broken ankle.

The Difference Between Sprained and Broken Ankles

Before diving in, it’s important to understand some of the fundamentals of exactly what a sprain is characterized by, and consequently what a break is characterized by.

Sprains involve the ligaments. Ligaments are strong, connective tissues that connect two bones together and provide stability and support to our body’s joints. Now, a sprain refers to a ligament that has been stretched or torn. This phenomenon commonly occurs when we least expect it such as landing on someone’s foot in a peculiar manner, often during a sports activity.

On the flip side, we have bone breaks, or fractures. Broken bones typically fall into a few different categories based on how severe the break is. Fractures generally refer to small cracks on the bone, but small enough to cause tremendous pain. Our ankle joint is very complex and is connected to many bones located within our foot. A fracture to any of these bones can result in a broken ankle.

A sprained ankle, as well as other sprains, will typically include swelling, bruising, and inflammation – which happen to be the same signs broken ankles possess. So how do you tell the difference? The best way is to find out how much weight you can bear on the foot in question. Typically – not always – a broken ankle will result in complete inability to bear any weight on. This may not be true for small fractures. With a sprain, some people are still able to bear weight on their foot. By no means should this be a definitive way of pinpointing the problem.

But what if I hear a snap? It has to be a broken bone, correct? Automatically we will think of a broken bone when we hear a snap. This isn’t always the case because sprains are just as capable of producing a sound similar to a snap.

What You Should Do

Whether you are suffering from a broken ankle or a sprained ankle you should contact your doctor or foot and ankle specialist as soon as possible to begin treatment and speed up the healing process. Your podiatrist will want to know specific details of your symptoms because surprisingly to most, it can be just as difficult to pinpoint sprained ankles over broken bones without the use of x-rays. X-rays are able to reveal fractures that exist on the bone helping to narrow your problem down. Successful treatment is then administered once the specialist has determined a diagnosis.

Ingrown Toenails: When and How Should I Treat Them?

beverly hills podiatrist

Let a professional handle this one.

Ingrown toenails occur when one or both sides of your toenail begin to grow into the sides of our toes, generally causing us pain. Ingrown toenails are often the result of poorly trimmed nails. Some of us may even have developed a habit of picking our toenails – this will almost always lead to an incorrect toenail that has an increased chance of becoming an ingrown. Either way, an ingrown should be treated as early as possible before a bacterial infection occurs.

Ingrown Toenail Treatment

Now, the real question is should you treat an ingrown toenail by yourself at home. The answer depends on how severe your ingrown is. Typically, if the ingrown is causing slight irritation and the area surrounding it is red and slightly swollen, then it can be successfully removed and treated at home. Let us warn you: DO NOT use a dull or sharpened knife of any sort – instead, use a sharp nail trimmer.

Always clean or sterilize your trimmers before you perform any at home treatments to prevent infection from occurring. Before you begin to trim the nail, we advise you soak your foot into warm water for about 15-20 minutes to soften the area. When you begin to trim the nails, trim them straight across the top. Stay away from just clipping the corners only. This is most likely how you developed an ingrown to begin with. Your toenail should be evenly aligned across the top, not bent or curved in any way.

Important: If you are unsure on how to handle an ingrown toenail, then always revert to a foot and ankle specialist.

When You Should See a Podiatrist

So you’re probably wondering: when should you see a podiatrist, or doctor that specializes in foot and ankle complications? Here are scenarios in which you should see a podiatrist:

-You have diabetes (or any other condition that affects blood circulation)
-You are suffering from nerve damage in your foot
-Most common: A bacterial infection has developed around the sight that is characterized by a presence of pus.

Concluding Thoughts

Poor trimming does not only cause ingrown toenails. It’s also very important to make sure you are wearing comfortable shoes that not only support your feet, but your back as well. If you have to spend the extra few bucks for a pair of shoes that “feel right”, then we advise you do so.

Your Beverly Hills podiatrist offers a quick and easy solution to removing ingrown toenails while providing a way to block future ingrown toenails from occurring. If you are not sure on how to handle an ingrown toenail by yourself, then you should always let a professional handle the situation.